The Pharo Foundation’s (the Foundation) vision is to facilitate the economic self-reliance of African people through the promotion of sustainable livelihoods and job creation in Africa. In the first four years the Foundation has funded projects initiated and managed by both local and international actors in East Africa (Somaliland/Somalia, South Sudan and other neighbouring countries affected by conflict, Ethiopia). At the end of 2015 it approved a new strategy which will see the Foundation initiating and managing its own programme work in the region. Its 2025 vision is to bring about positive changes in the lives of at least 100, 000 households in Africa through integrated development programmes anchored on agriculture and water. Further information about the strategy can be found at http://pharofoundation.org/new-pharo-foundation-strategy/
SOMALI REGION OF ETHIOPIA PROGRAMME
One of its first programmes under this new strategy will be in the Somali Region of Ethiopia. The Foundation has conducted enquiries (including with government and civil society) and as result is planning to build on work it has already funded in the Adadle Wereda of Shebbelle zone. It aims to respond to the needs of a section of the population in the Somali region that are moving away from livelihoods centred principally around pastoral livestock, towards ones that involve settled agriculture. As a result of the climate of unpredictable rain patterns and the presence of the Shebelle river, the Foundation is exploring ways to support the introduction of smallholder agriculture that utilises the river water through irrigation. This will involve mixed crop and livestock for subsistence and market. As part of its integrated development approach it also plans to assist these newly settled communities to meet their domestic water and sanitation needs.
The Foundation has identified two sites of potential in two Kebeles within Adadle Wereda and is now in a position to proceed with this important study to understand the full potential of both irrigation and domestic water and sanitation systems.
PROPOSED PROGRAMME IN ADADLE WEREDA
We are still in the process of undertaking a situational analysis, of which this study is part. However, the broad thrust of our design is to provide farmers with irrigation infrastructure and training in its use together with support on production and marketing techniques and access to vital market services. Alongside this we aim to make improvements in domestic water supplies and sanitation systems to improve overall livelihood outcomes and support improvement in production practices. Where identified by the community, we will also look at supporting relevant interventions to improve resilience, ensure sustainable environmental management and access to basic services such as health and education.
The Foundation is therefore looking for a consultant or consultancy team that can deliver a feasibility study that provides the Foundation with a clear description of all of the appropriate water system options for crop irrigation, small livestock production and domestic water needs. Each option needs to provide enough information about the design that will enable the Foundation’s design team to understand how it will work, how much it will cost and the benefits it will provide to the communities concerned.
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ABOUT THE CONSULTANCY
- The Foundation is keen to deliver long lasting quality systems that are capable of being managed sustainably for generations. Therefore, it is willing to examine all options before arriving at a final implementation strategy. It may need to start with simple options that are capable of being developed over time.
- The Foundation is keen to use best emerging practice in all of its work. In exploring and developing suitable water access options, it is keen to take into account the practical needs of both men and women and develop systems that meet the community’s production and domestic needs in a holistic way. It is aware of current reviews of water interventions that find the division between domestic water use (health/sanitation) and productive uses (agricultural) unhelpful, despite the historical trend to do this. In family lives, and particularly women’s, these uses overlap. Therefore, water infrastructure systems should be designed for multiple use – for example water points may serve both domestic and agricultural needs recognizing that men and women have different needs and at different times of the year. A dominant theme is women’s workload and their time poverty. Having good access to clean reliable domestic water saves time in many ways (e.g. better health of family members – more time to devote to farming with improved economic/ food security benefits). For more on this approach please refer to https://www.odi.org/sites/odi.org.uk/files/resource-documents/10356.pdf
- In addition to domestic use, any productive use needs to take into account both cropping agriculture and the needs of smallholder livestock production.
- The main focus of the assessment needs to be on irrigation and domestic water. We will be happy to pick up the detail of appropriate sanitation systems at a later time.
- The Foundation would like to see a cost benefit analysis of each possible option that takes into account the costs of construction, renewal, operation and maintenance against the returns generated from improved agricultural production and marketing.
In assessing feasibility, the consultant will weigh up a range of factors including but not limited to the issues raised below.
- the types of agricultural products (crop and livestock) suitable for use in the area and that provide positive market opportunities (present and projected) under irrigable conditions
- the full extent of potential land area that could be incorporated into the irrigation system
- The longevity of the system. At what points will renewal be required and what are the demands for regular maintenance?
- What are the daily management requirements – for access and for maintenance?
- What are the estimated costs of maintenance per year?
- Proposed ideas for management of access, maintenance and renewal. For example, can this be undertaken using a collective community approach or some other externally managed system?
- Total capital investment costs and renewal costs
- How does each option meet the needs of current agricultural practices and projected future agricultural options?
- How does each option meet domestic needs? Which systems use a combined use approach?
- How do the options meet the needs of different users (male, female, other groups)? How do options reduce time spent on tasks (production or domestic)?
- What options may exist to upgrade at a later date, or to add further farming units and/or increase density of water use (costs benefits and challenges in doing this)?
- What hydrological/environmental/ biodiversity risks and issues arise and how can these be managed or avoided (e.g. prosopis spread, chemical contamination, catchment protection etc)?
- What conflicts may arise with other users of the land and river and how can these be managed or avoided (e.g. watering of large numbers of livestock by those from outside the immediate settled community during the dry seasons)
- How do you factor in and incorporate where appropriate, local knowledge on water resources and land-use?
- How does each option score in relation to avoiding the negative experiences of earlier irrigation interventions and build on earlier positive experiences?
The key output of this consultancy is
- a comprehensive study report on the feasibility of irrigation and domestic water systems
- the report should be clear and easy to read with complementary graphics to enhance understanding.
SKILLS and EXPERIENCE
Any consultant and/or consultancy team should have the following skills and experience
- relevant academic qualifications, including at least a Masters degree in water engineering as his/her basic qualification.
In addition, skills and experience on
- Irrigation for agriculture (crop and livestock)
- Domestic water and sanitation
- Development of mixed systems that meet the needs of all users (production, men, women, youth, children)
- participatory assessment and design
- development of appropriate sustainable management systems.
- Cost/benefit analysis specially related to agricultural systems
- Good analytical and report writing skills
- Good written and spoken English.
- Able to demonstrate skills and experience through earlier assignments and contracts
- Able to think and act innovatively and flexibly to meet strict deadlines within budget and to deliver a final quality product
Knowledge of agricultural economics would be an added advantage.
Experience of conducting similar studies is highly desirable.
Please read carefully through the detail of the terms of reference and provide us with:
- a brief explanation about the relevant skills and technical competencies of the consultant or team of consultants, including CVs
- an explanation of previous relevant work assignments, or equivalent experience
- a brief plan of action as to how you would deliver under the terms of reference including the methods and actions you would take
- an indication of costs, whether in the form of daily consultancy rates and/or the costs of similar pieces of work.
Application documentation to be sent to firstname.lastname@example.org
NOTE: We are also commissioning two companion studies: a market study and a socio economic study should any consultant or group of consultants wish to also consider applying for these. Information on this is available at Ethiojobs website https://www.ethiojobs.net/company/133462/The-Pharo-Foundation/
DEADLINE FOR APPLICATIONS
No later than 5pm on 14th July, however we would strongly encourage you to apply early as we will be reviewing applications on an ongoing basis and will make a decision earlier if the right consultant is identified.